About Lüneburg, Germany
- Population: approx. 75,000
- Distance from Berlin: 135 miles
- Distance from Munich: 356 miles
One last view of Lüneburg from the water tower - see you ...
Lüneburg, a city in the German state of Niedersachsen, is only 30 minutes south of Hamburg by train, a thriving city of 1.8 million. One of the few German cities that was not destroyed in WWII, Lüneburg offers an extraordinary opportunity to live in the beauty and history of a city dating back more than a thousand years. The city was established as a result of the salt pits located nearby and in 1189 the town enjoyed rapid expansion under the protection of Henry the Lion. The salt was sold primarily to Scandinavia, where it was used to preserve the abundant fish harvests. For several centuries, Lüneburg was one of the wealthiest towns in Germany and enjoyed many privileges and much prestige. Magnificent buildings, townhouses, and fortifications with triple ramparts were built, as well as a moat, watch towers, and town gates.
The 15th-century St. Nicolai Kirche
The eighteenth and nineteenth centuries brought a period of decline as the result of military conflicts and political entanglements. In 1866, Lüneburg was annexed by the Kingdom of Prussia and lost many of its treasures and military fortifications. By the end of the nineteenth century, Lüneburg experienced a new period of expansion based on the development of a health spa, which promoted the healing properties of salt-water baths.
Today, Lüneburg is building upon its reputation as a resort destination. Besides a large salt water swimming pool with artificial waves, it offers excellent examples of northern German Gothic brick architecture, the thirteenth- to fourteenth-century church of St. John, a beautiful medieval and Renaissance main square, a monastery founded in 1172, and other historical treasures too numerous to mention.